"
Newspaper Archive of
Journal Opinion
Bradford , Vermont
Lyft
August 12, 1981     Journal Opinion
PAGE 9     (9 of 18 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
 
PAGE 9     (9 of 18 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
August 12, 1981
 

Newspaper Archive of Journal Opinion produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2022. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.




Ditchi'ng the pesky mosquito , ::,.; ... . by LAWRENCE HOWE Smithsonian News Service It has long been the bane of outdoor enthusiasts everywhere Michigan residents jokingly sport tee- shirts referring to it as their "State Bird." But it is really no laughing matter. "It" is the pesky mosquito and it's been a nemesis of man for thousands of years. Since earliest times, an arsenal of techniques--most recently, chemicals--has been used with varying degrees of success to battle this hypodermic nuisance and health hazard. Consider the case of malaria, which is transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito Malaria once afflicted thousands of people yearly in the United States. Scientists virtually eliminated the disease in North America in the early 1950s through public education programs, large- scale drainage projects and the widespread use of DDT. Today, however, malaria is on the upswing in many other .... ';':: parts of the world. "':'.,':, ",'. ........... -. .... ,-=;.."" .... Unfortunately, DDT turned .:'.. "" . out to be a mixed blessing. ; ',::.>.....:.:" .:: Alarming levels of the ....:'"Y ":;":'"" """-" chemical persisted in the environment for many years :" "" ":.i::.: f,?S" '.';::':\\;%Z-... after its application, and it ....- ...,.:., ( gradually accumulated in the gmlthlonlsn Newll Servico krt by Jouph Jicobl tissues of many creatures Particularly upsetting was the widely publicized thinning of bird eggshells. DDT was banned in the early 1970s as other "safer" pesticides came into use, and then, ironically, developed their own problems. Now, one of the earliest methods used in the United States to control the mosquito is getting a new tryout in Maryland marshes. Instead of using chemicals, researchers have been trying literally to "ditch" the mosquitos by cutting channels in the marshes. This destroys the mosquito's breeding areas by providing habitats for mosquito-eating fish and altering the water levels, thereby preventing development of larvae Initial results from the first three years of a long-range study on the effects of mosquito ditching are ex- tremely promising, according to entomologist Cyrus Lesser of the Maryland Department of Agriculture in Salisbury. "Ditching has reduced mosquito populations by almost I00 percent on our test sites," he says "It's not only eliminated the need to apply insecticides at the sites, but has had beneficial effects on the environment. On some of the sites, the ditches have created new areas for fish and their populations have in- creased. And the small ponds created by our ditching method also provide new habitats for shorebirds and waterfowl." The use of ditching to reduce -mosquito populations is by no means new. New Jersey controlled mosquitoes through a method known as "parallel ditching" as early as 1906. The technique involved cutting parallel ditches ap- proximately 150 to 200 feet apart throughout the marshes. Soon, parallel ditching became the principal means of controlling salt marsh mosquitoes. During the Depression, state and federal agencies employed thousands of people to dig ditches in tidewater marshes from Virginia to Maine. However, by 1938, studies indicated that parallel ditching was adversely af- fecting some of the plants and animals in the marshes. Despite these earlier problems, scientists decided to take a new look at ditching because of the growing resistance of mosquitoes to insecticides, as well as the cost of repeated pesticide applications. A joint project was begun in September 1978 by Lesser and Dr. Dennis Whigham, a botanist at the Smithsonian's Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies in Edgewater, Md, to examine a non-parallel ditching method known as "open marsh water management" as a control technique on mosquito breeding marshes. As their test site, the researchers chose Davis Island, located within the 10,000-acre Deal Island Wildlife Management Area on the eastern shore of Maryland's Chesapeake Bay. The area supports a large population of the salt marsh mosquito, Aedes sollicltuns, and also contains many small water holes which the insects use as their breeding sites. A vicious biter, Aedes solllcitans is the most aggressive and migratory of the five species of salt marsh mosquitoes in Maryland. Capable of being carried by the wind up to 15 or more miles per day, the pest is common throughout coastal regions from Texas to New Brunswick, Canada, and as far inland as brackish waters and saltpools extend, even as far as Kentucky and Ohio. During the peak season in August and September, as many as 5 million per acre infest Maryland's eastern shore Their abundance is more than just a nuisan- ( please turn to page 10A) i iii;00i //! ;ii .... A vicious biter, the mosquito Aedes  ins is a common pest throughout coastal regions from to New Brunswick, Canada, and as far inland as waters and salt pools extend, even as far as Kentucky and co Art couelesy of WaltO# Reed Army tnttttute of Research IIANmlH .Serving Over 48 Communities in Northern New Hampshire and Vermont August 12, lfJSl temperatures, are times when wish to use the an adjustable !makes sense. This one for a 3' x 4' window, so are required if you a window of a diE- If the slats will be add an in- stringer and at- with a third even more than the design is just a matter of make the stringers, them to length and them together make the slat-seat both. The slats are lumber (Ix3), to do is cut to then attach to the With waterproof glue ) is to attach the securing them to the preferably into screws. Make the adjustment the strap hinges installed. The and the length of the not have to abide is shown in the it's best to after sun's travel various ways to in the brace -- press with a router portable router, saw or a saber you material but other pine or fir are if you plan a \\; ADJ(JSTABLE S/JP{ SCREEJ' I 2 supports I h x 3 x &8 lumber / ! 2 2 stringers 1 'h x ] x 34 lumber   I 3 8 slats - x 2 x ,56 lurnber  r 4 I fascia K x 3;/ x 56 lumber 5, 2 adj. braces K x 1 x 26 lumber Ore pair 4" oe 5" l'as$ lllrmp hinges 2 .," x 2"  screws w/wd'r 2 '," x 3" c be w/ . lock wr d ng nut #0#,.,.,. ad, this size, on page 1 the Second Opinion is only $10.00 Your ad, this size, on page 1 of the Second Opinion is only $5.00 Spice up summer with a saucy barbeque byLINDAST. THOMAS and-a-half and the large beques. "it's only too bad complete Southern meal, try dessert. A layer of vanilla (ewhoursbe(oreserving.) Smithsonian News Service pieces of chicken (broilers or more people don't teach their potato salad, baked beans, pudding is placed in a large Then again, i( ou reall Summer j ,  ers)@o-l--d.tuthegr  chil:r.b..t, corn on the cob, hotbreador baking dish topped "th a oow te tradtona aummt no in anlmUr.  wwozm row rom ann a spm .ruit pe, layer of vanilla wafer cookies Southern-style barbeque America--wlthoutbarheque. Knowing ywhenthe cook." say peach or strawberry. At and slices of banana, This is menu, youmaynot haveroom "Sitting around eating ribs meat is done is a tricky Now, what do you serve with the Folldife Festival, they repeated three times and the for dessert. or chicken coaL-,dwitha tangy business; sometimes it's just the ribs and chicken? For a served banana pudding for pudding is refrigerated for a sauce and cooked over an open a question of experience. But fire is my idea of a perfect in the meantime, novice night,"barbequeexportWJ, cookers mytestbyinserUng Putting the bite on man Strickland says. His 20 years' a sharp knife into the meat to experience behind the grill be sure it's not pink. recently earned him a spotat If you have good meat, the Smithsonian's 15th annual there's no need to marinate it by LAWRENCE HOWE Valley to the Pacific Coast and the commercially available and tires where water can Festival of American Folklife overnight. The only thing you Smlthsonian News Service periodically causes large repellents; around the home, accumulate. Flush birdbaths where he cooked ribs from 5 might want to do before epidemics of disease in many aerosol repellents will and children's wading pools a.m. to 7 p.m. daily for two cooking, Price recommends, No matter where you live in humans and animals, temporarily do the job. regularly. weeks, is to trim some of the fat from the United States, chances are especially horses. Outside, try to eliminate the Unhappily, once you're been Barbeque is a tradition of the backoftheribs, some type of mosquito will be Even the North is not number of likely breeding bitten, there isn't too much the South, but you don't have Now, about that barbeque doing its best this summer to spared: Some of the nastiest places All mosquitoes require you can do, but to ease the to be a Southerner to enjoy it. sauce. First of all, in many make life miserable, mosquitoes in North America water to reproducHo get rid itching, see your doctor or You just have to know what Southern families the recipe is Along the Atlantic and Gulf are found in Alaska during its of empty flower vases, jars pharmacist. you're doing, take your time a secret, passed down from Coasts, the salt marsh brief summer. cooking and not mind messy grandfather to father to son, mosquito and its relative, the Controlling mosquitoes is no fingers, Strickland advises, with some modifications along black salt marsh mosquito, easy task Often the breeding At theFestival, Stricldand the way. It can be tomato- are abundant pests and grounds and habitats of Barbequ S and fellow expert Groper based, vinegar-based, vicious biters. The dark rice various species differ e ante Price of Tarbaro, N.C,ccoked mustard-based, chili-flavorod field mosquito also occurs in markedly; so usually a on l4-foot-long open pits mado and even flavored with fruit or droves in the South--from combination of methods, by LINDA ST. THOMAS l tablespoon vinegar of cement blocks, going honey. There's no one Texas and Arkansas down to involving water management Smithsonian News Service 2 tablespoons minced garlic through about 1,600 pounds of authentic Southern-style Florida and the techniques, biological control One recipe for barheque I teaspoon salt ribs and 600 pounds of cblcken barbeque sauce, so it's fine to Carolinas--severely limiting and pesticide applications, is sauce used at the 1981 lteaspoonbasilleaves a day, all topped with 30 disagree over the best recipe, outdoor activities, used Smithsonian Festival of l teaspoonblackpepper gallons of sauce. At home, Most old-time barhequers in In the Midwest and West, Control programs now cost American Folklife was not a 1 teaspoon dry mustard though, most people will be the South do agree as to when encephalitis- and malaria- the United States more than secret: "4 teaspoon thyme using standard outdoor grills to brush the "secret" sauce bearing mosquitoes have been $70 million annually. In /z teaspoon oregano to cook modest amounts of onto the meat--approximately largely controlled through the Maryland--which is suffering BARBEQUE SAUCE s teaspoon chili powder ribs, chicken or chapped beef. five to 10 minutes before it's judicious use of pesticides and this year from the largest (2Quarts) '/4 teaspoon cayenne Say you're cooking up some done. Of course, you must turn also by eliminating waste invasion of salt marsh 3 chickens halved or several Mix all sauce ingredients in barbeque in your backyard, the meat several times after water pools resulting from mosquitoes since 1977--more three-down ribs a 2-quart saucepan and bring What's the first thing to do? the sauce has been brushed on irrigation. However, the than $1.2 million will be spent 2 cups catsup to a boil. Reduce heat and Work on that critical element, beth sides. If you cook meat Western encephalitis to combat the pests. cupbeer simmer about I0 minutes. the fire. If it's just charcoa.!, for the full hour or so with mosquito is found in large For personalprotection, you /4 cuplemon juice When the meat is just about use only I0 or 12 coals and wa barbeque sauce on it, the numbers from the Mississippi can arm yourself with any of t/ cup olive oil done, brush sauce on and turn. 2 tablespoons minced onion Repeat several times for five until they hewn to turn ash sauce turns black and has that fly white beforeiuttingthemeat burned flavor instead of a nice Cold c]i]r]Ba[ kill  2 tablespoons brown sugar or 10 minutes. Remaining on, Price says For a lighter tangy taste, Price adds. He 2 tablespoons soy or Teriyaki sauce may be heated and flavor and a great aroma, you has tried all kinds of sauces BURLINGTON--Vermont "Because the fruit fly can't sauce served on the side. may use hickory and oak chips but now sticks to his grand- fruit growers can rest easy overwinter here, the with a smaller amount of father's recipe, about the danger of an in- population couldn't build up," charcoal. For many women, perhaps festation of the Mediterranean he explains. Either way, the experts the best part of these cookouts Fruit Fly. "If some of the flies dohitch agree, it takes at least 40 is the fact that husbands who The pest, which threatens a ride to Vermont on minutes for the charcoal, or steadfastly refuse to prepare California's fruit industry, California fruit, they might COMING SOON! the coal and wood corn- meals in the kitchen become can't survive Vermont' cold cause miniscule damage to son " see the August 19th issue of the Journal bination, to be "just right" for barbeque gourmets during the climate, according to Dr. some frmt for one sea . Opinion for registration information, course the meat. Too many people summertime, branching out George MacCollom, Exten- "They are no problem list, dates and locatlon of courses available rush this process and put meat from the traditional ham- sion entomologist at the whatsoever for Vermont fruit with Community College of Vermont. over cold charcoals or over burgers-and-hot-dogs to University of Vermont. growers." flames, charring the outside barbeque sauces on chicken and leavinguncookedporkor and ribs. GARAGE SALE FLEA MARKET "It's relaxing for me to chicken inside "The quality of meat is come home from work and Donald Erskine's August 15-- I0 AM, 5 PM important in a barbeque," start to cook outdoors," says Bradford, Vt. NEWBURY COMMON Strickland says. "You can't Strickland, who began by AugustlS&16 10AMto2PM Sponsored by the Busy Bees 4-H Club just cook any old fatty meat watching his father do bar- Mn's. Wonm'sonOnm'in0mdmm' NewburyConter, Vermont and expect it to taste great with sauce." He and Price " NEST CAMPGROUND prefer three-down ribs, thatis, SALE AND SUPPER I REST' n HAPPY BIRTHDAY slabs of spare ribs that weigh 3 North Thet ford Purish Hall pounds or less. ('['he larger Augustl2---2:00PM We accommodate all kinds of campers including slabs, for example, sand6 Buffet Supper 5 : 30 CHARLES HASKINS pounds, have tougher meat Adults $4.00 Children $2.00 on-site camper rentals. with more fat). The ribs are Benefit Ladies' Aid Society 1/4 Mile off 1-91 at Exit 14 cooked for an hour to an hour- E. Thetford, Vt,, 802,185-2997 WEST FAIRLEE CENTER CHURCH ENERGY SHIELD SYSTEMS TOPo00DPRICESPAIDFORToys, DOLLS MIDDLE BROOK ROAD West Topsham, Vermont Furniture of all kinds, antiques, anything old A Complete EnerU Conservation Company VILLAGB TIKAI)I00t SUNDAY For mine inmation, Ionk in the Tel. (802) 757-2"/16 Sam Kaiser August 16.-7:39 PM Rev. Jeffery Atwater Buss Direct o call (802) 439-5700. Jct. RL. 302 & Rt. 5 Wells River, Vt. Ditchi'ng the pesky mosquito , ::,.; ... . by LAWRENCE HOWE Smithsonian News Service It has long been the bane of outdoor enthusiasts everywhere Michigan residents jokingly sport tee- shirts referring to it as their "State Bird." But it is really no laughing matter. "It" is the pesky mosquito and it's been a nemesis of man for thousands of years. Since earliest times, an arsenal of techniques--most recently, chemicals--has been used with varying degrees of success to battle this hypodermic nuisance and health hazard. Consider the case of malaria, which is transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito Malaria once afflicted thousands of people yearly in the United States. Scientists virtually eliminated the disease in North America in the early 1950s through public education programs, large- scale drainage projects and the widespread use of DDT. Today, however, malaria is on the upswing in many other .... ';':: parts of the world. "':'.,':, ",'. ........... -. .... ,-=;.."" .... Unfortunately, DDT turned .:'.. "" . out to be a mixed blessing. ; ',::.>.....:.:" .:: Alarming levels of the ....:'"Y ":;":'"" """-" chemical persisted in the environment for many years :" "" ":.i::.: f,?S" '.';::':\\;%Z-... after its application, and it ....- ...,.:., ( gradually accumulated in the gmlthlonlsn Newll Servico krt by Jouph Jicobl tissues of many creatures Particularly upsetting was the widely publicized thinning of bird eggshells. DDT was banned in the early 1970s as other "safer" pesticides came into use, and then, ironically, developed their own problems. Now, one of the earliest methods used in the United States to control the mosquito is getting a new tryout in Maryland marshes. Instead of using chemicals, researchers have been trying literally to "ditch" the mosquitos by cutting channels in the marshes. This destroys the mosquito's breeding areas by providing habitats for mosquito-eating fish and altering the water levels, thereby preventing development of larvae Initial results from the first three years of a long-range study on the effects of mosquito ditching are ex- tremely promising, according to entomologist Cyrus Lesser of the Maryland Department of Agriculture in Salisbury. "Ditching has reduced mosquito populations by almost I00 percent on our test sites," he says "It's not only eliminated the need to apply insecticides at the sites, but has had beneficial effects on the environment. On some of the sites, the ditches have created new areas for fish and their populations have in- creased. And the small ponds created by our ditching method also provide new habitats for shorebirds and waterfowl." The use of ditching to reduce -mosquito populations is by no means new. New Jersey controlled mosquitoes through a method known as "parallel ditching" as early as 1906. The technique involved cutting parallel ditches ap- proximately 150 to 200 feet apart throughout the marshes. Soon, parallel ditching became the principal means of controlling salt marsh mosquitoes. During the Depression, state and federal agencies employed thousands of people to dig ditches in tidewater marshes from Virginia to Maine. However, by 1938, studies indicated that parallel ditching was adversely af- fecting some of the plants and animals in the marshes. Despite these earlier problems, scientists decided to take a new look at ditching because of the growing resistance of mosquitoes to insecticides, as well as the cost of repeated pesticide applications. A joint project was begun in September 1978 by Lesser and Dr. Dennis Whigham, a botanist at the Smithsonian's Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies in Edgewater, Md, to examine a non-parallel ditching method known as "open marsh water management" as a control technique on mosquito breeding marshes. As their test site, the researchers chose Davis Island, located within the 10,000-acre Deal Island Wildlife Management Area on the eastern shore of Maryland's Chesapeake Bay. The area supports a large population of the salt marsh mosquito, Aedes sollicltuns, and also contains many small water holes which the insects use as their breeding sites. A vicious biter, Aedes solllcitans is the most aggressive and migratory of the five species of salt marsh mosquitoes in Maryland. Capable of being carried by the wind up to 15 or more miles per day, the pest is common throughout coastal regions from Texas to New Brunswick, Canada, and as far inland as brackish waters and saltpools extend, even as far as Kentucky and Ohio. During the peak season in August and September, as many as 5 million per acre infest Maryland's eastern shore Their abundance is more than just a nuisan- ( please turn to page 10A) i iii;00i //! ;ii .... A vicious biter, the mosquito Aedes  ins is a common pest throughout coastal regions from to New Brunswick, Canada, and as far inland as waters and salt pools extend, even as far as Kentucky and co Art couelesy of WaltO# Reed Army tnttttute of Research IIANmlH .Serving Over 48 Communities in Northern New Hampshire and Vermont August 12, lfJSl temperatures, are times when wish to use the an adjustable !makes sense. This one for a 3' x 4' window, so are required if you a window of a diE- If the slats will be add an in- stringer and at- with a third even more than the design is just a matter of make the stringers, them to length and them together make the slat-seat both. The slats are lumber (Ix3), to do is cut to then attach to the With waterproof glue ) is to attach the securing them to the preferably into screws. Make the adjustment the strap hinges installed. The and the length of the not have to abide is shown in the it's best to after sun's travel various ways to in the brace -- press with a router portable router, saw or a saber you material but other pine or fir are if you plan a \\; ADJ(JSTABLE S/JP{ SCREEJ' I 2 supports I h x 3 x &8 lumber / ! 2 2 stringers 1 'h x ] x 34 lumber   I 3 8 slats - x 2 x ,56 lurnber  r 4 I fascia K x 3;/ x 56 lumber 5, 2 adj. braces K x 1 x 26 lumber Ore pair 4" oe 5" l'as$ lllrmp hinges 2 .," x 2"  screws w/wd'r 2 '," x 3" c be w/ . lock wr d ng nut #0#,.,.,. ad, this size, on page 1 the Second Opinion is only $10.00 Your ad, this size, on page 1 of the Second Opinion is only $5.00 Spice up summer with a saucy barbeque byLINDAST. THOMAS and-a-half and the large beques. "it's only too bad complete Southern meal, try dessert. A layer of vanilla (ewhoursbe(oreserving.) Smithsonian News Service pieces of chicken (broilers or more people don't teach their potato salad, baked beans, pudding is placed in a large Then again, i( ou reall Summer j ,  ers)@o-l--d.tuthegr  chil:r.b..t, corn on the cob, hotbreador baking dish topped "th a oow te tradtona aummt no in anlmUr.  wwozm row rom ann a spm .ruit pe, layer of vanilla wafer cookies Southern-style barbeque America--wlthoutbarheque. Knowing ywhenthe cook." say peach or strawberry. At and slices of banana, This is menu, youmaynot haveroom "Sitting around eating ribs meat is done is a tricky Now, what do you serve with the Folldife Festival, they repeated three times and the for dessert. or chicken coaL-,dwitha tangy business; sometimes it's just the ribs and chicken? For a served banana pudding for pudding is refrigerated for a sauce and cooked over an open a question of experience. But fire is my idea of a perfect in the meantime, novice night,"barbequeexportWJ, cookers mytestbyinserUng Putting the bite on man Strickland says. His 20 years' a sharp knife into the meat to experience behind the grill be sure it's not pink. recently earned him a spotat If you have good meat, the Smithsonian's 15th annual there's no need to marinate it by LAWRENCE HOWE Valley to the Pacific Coast and the commercially available and tires where water can Festival of American Folklife overnight. The only thing you Smlthsonian News Service periodically causes large repellents; around the home, accumulate. Flush birdbaths where he cooked ribs from 5 might want to do before epidemics of disease in many aerosol repellents will and children's wading pools a.m. to 7 p.m. daily for two cooking, Price recommends, No matter where you live in humans and animals, temporarily do the job. regularly. weeks, is to trim some of the fat from the United States, chances are especially horses. Outside, try to eliminate the Unhappily, once you're been Barbeque is a tradition of the backoftheribs, some type of mosquito will be Even the North is not number of likely breeding bitten, there isn't too much the South, but you don't have Now, about that barbeque doing its best this summer to spared: Some of the nastiest places All mosquitoes require you can do, but to ease the to be a Southerner to enjoy it. sauce. First of all, in many make life miserable, mosquitoes in North America water to reproducHo get rid itching, see your doctor or You just have to know what Southern families the recipe is Along the Atlantic and Gulf are found in Alaska during its of empty flower vases, jars pharmacist. you're doing, take your time a secret, passed down from Coasts, the salt marsh brief summer. cooking and not mind messy grandfather to father to son, mosquito and its relative, the Controlling mosquitoes is no fingers, Strickland advises, with some modifications along black salt marsh mosquito, easy task Often the breeding At theFestival, Stricldand the way. It can be tomato- are abundant pests and grounds and habitats of Barbequ S and fellow expert Groper based, vinegar-based, vicious biters. The dark rice various species differ e ante Price of Tarbaro, N.C,ccoked mustard-based, chili-flavorod field mosquito also occurs in markedly; so usually a on l4-foot-long open pits mado and even flavored with fruit or droves in the South--from combination of methods, by LINDA ST. THOMAS l tablespoon vinegar of cement blocks, going honey. There's no one Texas and Arkansas down to involving water management Smithsonian News Service 2 tablespoons minced garlic through about 1,600 pounds of authentic Southern-style Florida and the techniques, biological control One recipe for barheque I teaspoon salt ribs and 600 pounds of cblcken barbeque sauce, so it's fine to Carolinas--severely limiting and pesticide applications, is sauce used at the 1981 lteaspoonbasilleaves a day, all topped with 30 disagree over the best recipe, outdoor activities, used Smithsonian Festival of l teaspoonblackpepper gallons of sauce. At home, Most old-time barhequers in In the Midwest and West, Control programs now cost American Folklife was not a 1 teaspoon dry mustard though, most people will be the South do agree as to when encephalitis- and malaria- the United States more than secret: "4 teaspoon thyme using standard outdoor grills to brush the "secret" sauce bearing mosquitoes have been $70 million annually. In /z teaspoon oregano to cook modest amounts of onto the meat--approximately largely controlled through the Maryland--which is suffering BARBEQUE SAUCE s teaspoon chili powder ribs, chicken or chapped beef. five to 10 minutes before it's judicious use of pesticides and this year from the largest (2Quarts) '/4 teaspoon cayenne Say you're cooking up some done. Of course, you must turn also by eliminating waste invasion of salt marsh 3 chickens halved or several Mix all sauce ingredients in barbeque in your backyard, the meat several times after water pools resulting from mosquitoes since 1977--more three-down ribs a 2-quart saucepan and bring What's the first thing to do? the sauce has been brushed on irrigation. However, the than $1.2 million will be spent 2 cups catsup to a boil. Reduce heat and Work on that critical element, beth sides. If you cook meat Western encephalitis to combat the pests. cupbeer simmer about I0 minutes. the fire. If it's just charcoa.!, for the full hour or so with mosquito is found in large For personalprotection, you /4 cuplemon juice When the meat is just about use only I0 or 12 coals and wa barbeque sauce on it, the numbers from the Mississippi can arm yourself with any of t/ cup olive oil done, brush sauce on and turn. 2 tablespoons minced onion Repeat several times for five until they hewn to turn ash sauce turns black and has that fly white beforeiuttingthemeat burned flavor instead of a nice Cold c]i]r]Ba[ kill  2 tablespoons brown sugar or 10 minutes. Remaining on, Price says For a lighter tangy taste, Price adds. He 2 tablespoons soy or Teriyaki sauce may be heated and flavor and a great aroma, you has tried all kinds of sauces BURLINGTON--Vermont "Because the fruit fly can't sauce served on the side. may use hickory and oak chips but now sticks to his grand- fruit growers can rest easy overwinter here, the with a smaller amount of father's recipe, about the danger of an in- population couldn't build up," charcoal. For many women, perhaps festation of the Mediterranean he explains. Either way, the experts the best part of these cookouts Fruit Fly. "If some of the flies dohitch agree, it takes at least 40 is the fact that husbands who The pest, which threatens a ride to Vermont on minutes for the charcoal, or steadfastly refuse to prepare California's fruit industry, California fruit, they might COMING SOON! the coal and wood corn- meals in the kitchen become can't survive Vermont' cold cause miniscule damage to son " see the August 19th issue of the Journal bination, to be "just right" for barbeque gourmets during the climate, according to Dr. some frmt for one sea . Opinion for registration information, course the meat. Too many people summertime, branching out George MacCollom, Exten- "They are no problem list, dates and locatlon of courses available rush this process and put meat from the traditional ham- sion entomologist at the whatsoever for Vermont fruit with Community College of Vermont. over cold charcoals or over burgers-and-hot-dogs to University of Vermont. growers." flames, charring the outside barbeque sauces on chicken and leavinguncookedporkor and ribs. GARAGE SALE FLEA MARKET "It's relaxing for me to chicken inside "The quality of meat is come home from work and Donald Erskine's August 15-- I0 AM, 5 PM important in a barbeque," start to cook outdoors," says Bradford, Vt. NEWBURY COMMON Strickland says. "You can't Strickland, who began by AugustlS&16 10AMto2PM Sponsored by the Busy Bees 4-H Club just cook any old fatty meat watching his father do bar- Mn's. Wonm'sonOnm'in0mdmm' NewburyConter, Vermont and expect it to taste great with sauce." He and Price " NEST CAMPGROUND prefer three-down ribs, thatis, SALE AND SUPPER I REST' n HAPPY BIRTHDAY slabs of spare ribs that weigh 3 North Thet ford Purish Hall pounds or less. ('['he larger Augustl2---2:00PM We accommodate all kinds of campers including slabs, for example, sand6 Buffet Supper 5 : 30 CHARLES HASKINS pounds, have tougher meat Adults $4.00 Children $2.00 on-site camper rentals. with more fat). The ribs are Benefit Ladies' Aid Society 1/4 Mile off 1-91 at Exit 14 cooked for an hour to an hour- E. Thetford, Vt,, 802,185-2997 WEST FAIRLEE CENTER CHURCH ENERGY SHIELD SYSTEMS TOPo00DPRICESPAIDFORToys, DOLLS MIDDLE BROOK ROAD West Topsham, Vermont Furniture of all kinds, antiques, anything old A Complete EnerU Conservation Company VILLAGB TIKAI)I00t SUNDAY For mine inmation, Ionk in the Tel. (802) 757-2"/16 Sam Kaiser August 16.-7:39 PM Rev. Jeffery Atwater Buss Direct o call (802) 439-5700. Jct. RL. 302 & Rt. 5 Wells River, Vt.